Baden-Württemberg is one of Germany’s 16 federal states. It is the third-largest federal state, both in terms of area and population. 10.8 million people live in this state – more than in Switzerland or Denmark, for example – covering an area of 35,751 square kilometres.
Baden-Württemberg shares a border with France, Austria, and Switzerland, as well as the federal states Bavaria, Hesse, and Rhineland-Palatinate. Due to its central location within Europe, it is an important traffic junction. The important waterways of the Rhine, Neckar, and Main rivers flow through Baden-Württemberg.
The Creation of a New State
Baden-Württemberg was founded in 1952. In that year, the states of Württemberg-Baden, Baden, and Württemberg-Hohenzollern united in accordance with a referendum. Thus, a new federal state was created in south-western Germany.
And the Economy?
Fourteen per cent of Germany’s gross domestic product is generated in Baden-Württemberg. With a strong export portfolio, the state is one of the most economically robust regions in Europe. Family businesses with longstanding traditions are at home here, alongside IBM Deutschland, Daimler, Bosch, and other global players.
All businesses benefit from the interplay among large companies and small and medium-sized businesses, from the structure of the medium-sized-business economy and technological expertise. Distinct clusters for automotive and production technology provide the ideal foundation for innovation – and not just in the motor vehicle and mechanical engineering industries.
Innovation as Tradition
Innovation is one of our traditions. Karl Drais invented the bicycle, and Carl Friedrich Benz invented the automobile, both here in Baden-Württemberg. Even today, Baden-Württemberg boasts Europe’s highest number of patents registered per person.